Johor is one of the Malaysian states which are located in the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia. It is one of the most well developed states in Malaysia. The State of Johor consists of eight main districts, namely Johor Bahru, Batu Pahat, Muar, Kluang, Mersing, Kota Tinggi, Segamat and Pontian.
The state capital city and royal city of Johor is Johor Bahru, formerly known as Tanjung Puteri. The old state capital is Johor Lama. Johor Bahru is a busy cosmopolitan city that serves as the gateway to Singapore via the Causeway.
Declared a city only in 1994, Johor Bahru is a rapid growing city. Latest census figures indicates that it is fast becoming Malaysia’s second largest city, with a population of over one million. Given its relatively large land space, the town is not as dense as other cities around Malaysia.
Johor Bahru is probably better known as an industrial city rather than a tourist-friendly town. Many of the world’s top electronics manufacturers have at least one plant in Johor Bahru, and after the tough times after the 1997 economic crisis the town is stirring to life again.
One of the most prestigious projects under the Ninth Malaysian Plan is located at the southern region of Johor known as Iskandar Malaysia.
Iskandar Malaysia (IM) is a strategic and important special economic zone located at the southern-most tip of Peninsular Malaysia and mainland Asia. South Johor is a geographically and economically important region with key industrial, logistics and commercial centres. IM will benefit from the economic opportunities that will be promoted within the Region.
Identified as one of the key catalysts and high-impact developments under the Ninth Malaysia Plan (2006-2010) the IM will be developed into a major regional commercial hub with first-world facilities. These facilities will encompass logistics and a comprehensive value-added platform with focus on state-of-the-art physical infrastructure and an investment-friendly business environment. Development of the IM offers a meaningful opportunity for the Malaysian Government, working in tandem with the private sector, to drive reforms and innovation in delivery systems, local government, physical planning, infrastructure development and environmental protection among others.
The Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) 2006-2025 for IM, launched by the Malaysian Prime Minister on November 4th 2006, details the entire development agenda envisioned for the Region. The CDP identified Nusajaya as one of the pivotal and significant catalyst developments to spearhead and boost IM’s development. The Malaysian government’s support to ensure Nusajaya’s success is assured. Approximately USD 1.23 billion (RM2 billion) out of the USD 1.22 billion (RM4.3 billion) or 47% of the approved IM infrastructure projects under the Plan that will benefit Nusajaya encompass development/upgrading of highways, roads, airport, drainage and security.
Johor’s economy is dominated by agriculture, manufacturing, commerce and tourism. It is also Malaysia’s main producer of palm oil, rubber, pineapples and bananas. Many industrial estates manufacturing electronic components, electrical appliances, furniture, textiles and petrochemical products can be found near Johor Bahru and other major towns.
Johor has a diverse cultural heritage and some gazetted rainforests, namely the Endau-Rompin range. Most of the economic sectors are concentrated in manufacturing and industry, but visitors will find that Johor has some spectacular places to see, especially those concerning history.